Crispy new items for the 2019 sowing season - cucumber varieties included in the State Register last year

 Crispy new items for the 2019 sowing season - cucumber varieties included in the State Register last year



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Most gardeners dream of trying to grow something new in their beds. Ahead is a new summer season, when the baptism of fire will have to go through the cucumber novelties approved for use last year. Let's take a closer look at them.

Cucumbers: yesterday and today

Most of the cucumbers bred in the last century are not as productive (for example, Competitor - up to 4-6 kg / m2), as newcomers in recent years, the recoil rates depend on the bees and the weather, since many varieties are bee-pollinated.

The modern assortment of cucumbers is mainly represented by hybrids with strong immunity and an enviable yield (from 4 to 14-18 kg / m2). Some important factors can also be attributed to the advantages of varietal novelties:

  • Such cucumbers are characterized by predominantly female flowering.
  • The leading part of such hybrids is parthenocarpics.
  • Many representatives of the last generation of this vegetable culture are medium - branched and bushy - they will not take up much space in the beds, they can easily be grown on a windowsill.
  • The bundle ovary is a fundamental difference between the hybrid forms of cucumbers that have been bred in recent years.

It has been noticed that modern hybrids are less likely to have an empty ovary (a barren flower is a flower that does not form a fruit in the future)

The parthenocarpic hybrid is self-pollinated, which does not require insect pollination due to the presence of both pistils and stamens at the same time.

Hybrids of the last generation often have exclusively female flowers, their yield is several times higher than varieties of mixed flowering type - they are necessary for pollination of self-fertile cucumbers on the site. Female flowers are intended for the formation of an ovary, male flowers participate in pollination, but they are self-fertile.

Bunch (bouquet) cucumbers form from two to ten greens in one bosom. In plants of this variety, the greatest crop load is focused on the lower part of the bush.

Also, for abundant and full-fledged fruiting, bunch cucumbers need regular feeding with organic matter and mineral fertilizers.

Almost all cucumbers of 2018 will grow without problems both in the southern regions and in the harsh climate of the North-West, the Urals and Siberia. Here are mainly early and mid-early zelents for any climatic zone, which promise not to fail with the harvest both with soil forcing and when grown under cover.

Cucumber novelties from Semko

We propose to get acquainted with the main varietal characteristics of the new hybrid, which the originators of Semko officially announced in 2018, and in the current one you can safely look for it on the shelves of seed shops.

Zelenika F1

One of the first in film greenhouses is the hybrid Zelenika F1 - a lettuce parthenocarpic with a predominantly female flowering. Cucumber bushes are indeterminate, grow moderately, with each ovary forming from two to five shortened obtuse (5–7 cm) dark green fruits of about 100 g each with pronounced tubercles and weakly noticeable stripes. These cucumbers are delicious in fresh salads and are absolutely indispensable for preservation, while they lie perfectly and do not wither (up to two weeks) when stored in a cool room.

Hybrid Zelenika F1 with moderate immunity will become the leader in yield in the beds, since the declared indicator (according to the information in the State Register) is up to 24, 3 kilograms per square meter in the greenhouse

Cucumbers from the Manul firm

Several debutant cucumbers last year were presented to summer residents by the Moscow selection and seed-growing company Manul.

Magic Flute F1

The ground parthenocarpic Zauberflute F1 is photophilous, bears fruit well both in the harsh climate and in the south. Light-thorned fruits with longitudinal tubercles 10-15 cm long gain no more than 100-120 g. This is a tall plant of medium branching, predominantly with female flowers. The cucumber is tolerant of powdery mildew and cucumber mosaic; product yield 11 kg / m2.

Magic Flute F1 - a hybrid of the "pencil" type - suitable for vertical stacking in a jar, the pulp remains elastic for a long time during long-term storage

Emerald birds F1

The main advantages of a self-pollinated hybrid F1 Emerald birds are a stable yield (up to 14 kg / m2) and excellent resistance to many ailments common with ground cucumbers. This is one of the most popular large-fruited bunch hybrids, in one node 2 or 4 ovaries with female-type flowers are formed.

Zelentsy indeterminate hybrid Emerald birds F1 elongated-cylindrical (up to 20 cm), dark green, slightly lumpy; perfect for cask pickling and fresh salads

Summer garland F1

The ultra-early variety F1 Summer Garland can be grown everywhere in our country, it is indeterminate, refers to a self-pollinated type of cucumber. The bush does not branch much and has female-type flowers. With proper care, up to 14 kg of selected zelents are collected from a square meter. Neither powdery mildew nor light shading are terrible for these cucumbers.

Fruits of the hybrid F1 Summer garland cylindrical, slightly shortened (6–8 cm), with small tubercles and barely noticeable longitudinal stripes (weight 50–70 g)

Table: hybrids of cucumbers from Manul that appeared on the agricultural market last year

Variety nameRegion of useProductivity, kg / m2Growing methodPlant characteristicDescription of the fetus
Continent F1all regions11–14greenhouse
  • mid-season;
  • indeterminate;
  • parthenocarpic;
  • salad;
  • cucumber mosaic virus resistance;
  • medium, cylindrical, slightly lumpy;
  • weight 160-270 g.
F1 neon fish (gherkin)all regions10–12greenhouse
  • mid-season;
  • parthenocarpic;
  • indeterminate;
  • salad;
  • resistance to olive spot;
  • very short (up to 6 cm), slightly lumpy, narrow;
  • weight 50 g.
Expedition F1all regions10soil / greenhouse
  • mid-early;
  • parthenocarpic;
  • indeterminate;
  • salad;
  • resistance to cucumber mosaic;
  • elongated (up to 23 cm), with medium tuberosity and weak spines;
  • weight 180-230 g.

New from Zedek

Among the 2018 cucumbers presented by Sedek, there are ultra-early and medium-ripening varieties.

Balcony miracle F1

Early ripening hybrid-parthenocarpic Balcony miracle F1 refers to salad cucumbers of the indeterminate variety... Elongated-cylindrical (length 10-14 cm) dark green fruits gain up to 140 g, in total they get up to 15-17 kg per square meter. The plant is medium-branched, characterized by a predominantly female flowering. One of the main advantages is powdery mildew tolerance.

Video: cucumber Balcony miracle F1

Tables: varieties of cucumbers from Sedek, registered in the State Register of the Russian Federation in 2018

Variety nameRegion of useProductivity, kg / m2Growing methodPlant characteristicDescription of the fetus
Boy Scout F1 (gherkin)all regions14soil / greenhouse
  • mid-early;
  • bee-pollinated;
  • indeterminate;
  • salting;
  • resistant to scab of pumpkin crops;
  • small, large lumpy;
  • weight 50–70 g.
F1 female fingersall regions15soil / greenhouse
  • early;
  • salad;
  • parthenocarpic;
  • indeterminate;
  • cladosporium resistance;
  • short, cylindrical, medium tuberous, with small spines;
  • weight 80–90 g.

Best of 2018 by Aelita

Breeders of a well-known agricultural firm annually give gardeners new items with impeccable yields and good immunity, last year was no exception. Most of the newest hybrids and varieties of cucumbers, noted in the State Register over the past year, were presented to Russian gardeners by Aelita.

F1 snack

Short cucumbers (7–10 cm) For a snack F1 with weak pubescence and rare medium-sized thorns are included in the group of mid-early bee-pollinated varieties. They grow on low, indeterminate bushes. Full harvest (in good weather it is about 16 kg / m2) 80-90 g of crispy hard fruits are used for salting, pickling, fresh snacks are prepared from them. The fruits do not turn yellow for a long time, cucumber mosaic and powdery mildew are not a problem for a self-fertile hybrid.

In each node, from two to six zelents can form, but since these are bouquet cucumbers, the maximum number of ovaries on one vegetative segment of the stem can reach 8 pieces

Pupyryshkin F1

Ground Pupyryshkin F1 is indeterminate and practically does not branch at all. On compact bushes, medium-sized (60–80 g) spindle-shaped fruits with pronounced light green thorns grow. Zelentsy remain crispy and firm when salted and rarely bitter in salads. When forcing under film, the yield exceeds 11 kg / m2, in the ground the recoil is slightly less - up to 8-9 kg per square meter.

The predominant flowers on the plant are female, but for a full-fledged harvest, the presence of insects is required, since the hybrid is bee-pollinated, with proper care, neither viral nor fungal diseases are terrible for the Pupyryshkin F1 hybrid

Beam Troopers F1

The new self-pollinated cucumber-indeterminant of bouquet type F1 Bunch Troopers, which can be grown in any climatic zone, is universal in consumption. Short - 6–10 cm - dark green cucumbers (90–100 g each) with a crispy middle, resembling a cylinder, slightly pubescent and large, but sparse tubercles. The main thing is that the hybrid is not afraid of fungal diseases and is distinguished by a friendly and abundant return - up to 11-14 kg / m2.

For salads and salting, for light buffets and for pickling with bars - hybrid F1 Troopers will certainly become a favorite on cucumber beds

Semeikin F1

Weakly branched hybrid with small fruit-barrels (10-14 cm) Semeikin F1 is indeterminate, bears fruit independently in any growing conditions. It will undoubtedly conquer gourmets with strong gherkins (100–120 g each) with a delicate fragile center - this is an ideal choice for pickling, salads and sandwiches. The bush grows weakly, forms up to three ovaries, therefore it belongs to the bundle variety of cucumbers.

Early ripe Semeikin F1 with fruits with small thorns and slight tuberosity, with conventional agricultural techniques, reaches a yield of about 10–12 kg per square meter; the hybrid, with regular prophylaxis, does not suffer from common diseases of cucumbers

Table: Aelita's latest achievements in 2018

Variety nameRegion of useProductivity, kg / m2Growing methodPlant characteristicDescription of the fetus
Green garland F1all regions14greenhouse / ground
  • early;
  • salad;
  • parthenocarpic;
  • indeterminate;
  • complex disease resistance;
  • short, cylindrical, with pubescence and spines;
  • weight 60-80 g.
For fork F1all regions12greenhouse / ground
  • early maturing;
  • salad, pickling;
  • parthenocarpic;
  • indeterminate;
  • complex disease resistance;
  • short, fusiform, medium tuberous;
  • weight 80–90 g.
Saline F1all regions13greenhouse / ground
  • early;
  • salad;
  • parthenocarpic;
  • indeterminate;
  • complex disease resistance;
  • short, fusiform, large tuberous, with pubescence;
  • weight 80-100 g.
Extraordinary Miracle F1all regions16greenhouse / ground
  • early maturing;
  • salad;
  • parthenocarpic;
  • indeterminate;
  • complex resistance to bacteriosis;
  • long (20-25 cm), smooth;
  • weight 120-190 g.
Crunchy sailor F1all regions11greenhouse / ground
  • early;
  • salad;
  • indeterminate;
  • bee-pollinated;
  • salad;
  • resistant to cucumber mosaic;
  • long, smooth, slightly lumpy;
  • weight 120 g.
Miracle toddler F1all regions13–15greenhouse / ground
  • early;
  • indeterminate;
  • parthenocarpic;
  • salad, pickling;
  • high resistance to powdery mildew;
  • medium, large tuberous, white-spiked, with pubescence;
  • weight 80-100 g.
Everyone to the delight of F1all regions-greenhouse / ground
  • early;
  • parthenocarpic;
  • indeterminate;
  • salad;
  • complex disease resistance;
-
Gifts from the garden F1all regions14greenhouse
  • early;
  • parthenocarpic;
  • indeterminate;
  • salad, pickling;
  • complex disease resistance;
  • short, slightly tuberous, with white pubescence;
  • weight 90-100 g.
Beam Charm F1all regions13–15greenhouse / ground
  • early maturing;
  • salting;
  • indeterminate;
  • parthenocarpic;
  • beam;
  • resistant to powdery mildew;
  • short, small tuberose, with thorns;
  • weight 60–70 g.
One to one F1all regions11greenhouse / ground
  • ultra early ripening;
  • canning, salad;
  • parthenocarpic;
  • indeterminate;
  • complex disease resistance;
  • elongated-cylindrical, smooth, with slight tuberosity;
  • weight 80–90 g.
Robber Cossacksall regions11priming
  • early;
  • bee-pollinated;
  • indeterminate;
  • canning, salad;
  • resistance to powdery mildew and bacteriosis;
  • medium, large tuberous, white-spiked;
  • weight 90-115 g.
Super Crunch F1all regions15soil / greenhouse
  • early;
  • indeterminate;
  • parthenocarpic;
  • salad, canning;
  • resistance to olive spot;
  • short, cylindrical, slightly lumpy;
  • weight 70-90 g.

Gavrish: cucumbers officially registered in 2018

For more than 20 years, the specialists of the Gavrish company have been working on varieties and hybrids of cucumbers. In 2019, summer residents have the opportunity to evaluate some of the novelties of the past year.

Piccolo F1

Experts advise growing Partenocarpik Piccolo F1 using covering materials, but in open beds it also quickly grows greens. The bushes of the hybrid are not limited in growth, they do not take up too much space in the beds (medium branched). In each node, up to four female flowers are formed, thus, Piccolo F1 grows greens in bunches - the average yield exceeds the maximum standards of classic varieties - up to 18-19 kg / m2 under a film cover and a couple of kilograms less can be obtained in the ground. The hybrid rarely suffers from powdery mildew and olive spot.

Small (up to 10 cm), but tasty and rather aromatic cucumbers grow 2–6 pieces in a bunch (one weight is about 110 g), white-green thorns are poorly expressed; ripening period begins 38-42 days after planting - Piccolo F1 gherkins are put in salads and slightly salted

Table: cucumbers 2018 from Gavrish

Variety nameRegion of useProductivity, kg / m2Growing methodPlant characteristicDescription of the fetus
Malachite Delight F1all regions18,6greenhouse / ground
  • early maturing;
  • salad;
  • parthenocarpic;
  • indeterminate;
  • complex disease resistance;
  • short, cylindrical, with weak spines;
  • weight 125-140 g.
Don Quixote F1all regions17greenhouse
  • early;
  • parthenocarpic;
  • indeterminate;
  • resistance to powdery mildew and olive spot;
  • short, obtuse, medium tuberous;
  • weight 120-145 g.
Wattaga F1all regions18greenhouse / ground
  • early maturing;
  • salad;
  • parthenocarpic;
  • indeterminate;
  • powdery mildew resistance;
  • short, cylindrical, small tuberous, with spines;
  • weight 90-110 g.
Fisht F1all regions11greenhouse
  • early;
  • indeterminate;
  • parthenocarpic;
  • salad;
  • complex disease resistance;
  • short, cylindrical, with tubercles of different sizes;
  • weight 120-140 g.
Caesar F1all regions17greenhouse
  • early;
  • indeterminate;
  • parthenocarpic;
  • salad;
  • powdery mildew resistance;
  • medium, cylindrical, smooth;
  • weight 140-160 g.

New from the partner agrofirm

This company presents to our summer residents a hybrid of a new generation - the Shosha F1 cucumber, suitable for growing indoors and outdoors.

Shosha F1

Blokin-Mechtalin V.I. (the general director of the agrofirm "Partner") presented us with an original to taste hybrid Shosha F1 and in one year rumors about this representative of cucumbers spread everywhere. Every gardener, from Moscow to Chelyabinsk, dreams of growing Shoshu in the coming season.Experts say that the new product is highly resistant to many pumpkin diseases. The breeders of the Moscow agricultural firm have tried their best - this is a self-pollinated early maturing cucumber-indeterminant with a weak branching. Zelentsy are short (up to 10 cm) with small spines and slight tuberosity. The average weight of the fruit is 60–70 g. The yield is stable both in greenhouses and in open beds - 11–14 kilograms per square meter.

Video: cucumber Shosha F1

A selection of new cucumbers registered in the State Register of Breeding Achievements of the Russian Federation in 2018 (domestic and foreign selection)

Over the past year, the openings of other breeding centers in Russia and abroad were also noted in official sources, now we have the opportunity to evaluate the best qualities of cucumber novelties.

Tiburon F1

The Spanish hybrid of the parthenocarpic variety Tiburon F1 is not limited in growth and has exclusively female flowers. Short (up to 8 cm) lined gherkins with weakly pronounced thorns (average weight 60–90 g) are used for preservation and serving. The originator of Semillas claims that the taste of the cultivar is impeccable, the yield of cucumbers is within 19 kg / m2 when grown in greenhouses, slightly lower - with soil forcing. The average resistance of Tiburon F1 to powdery mildew and cucumber mosaic was noted.

Video: cucumber Tiburon F1

Surazhevsky

Following the early ripening in the beds, Surazhevsky is ripening - the result of the work of researchers of the Federal Research Center of Vegetable Growing of the Moscow Region. Small lumpy light green fruits with black sparse thorns look like a spindle, despite the tough skin and dense flesh, the cultivar will definitely find its place on the site - delicious and crunchy cucumbers are most often obtained from such varieties. Surazhevsky is a bee-pollinated variety with a mixed flowering type. The low yield - from 4.5 to 7 kg with soil distillation - is compensated by excellent resistance to heat, drought and diseases of zelents.

A medium-sized bush is not limited in growth, the mass of blunt-pointed fruits with light longitudinal stripes reaches 90-120 g

Esthete F1

Cylindrical even fruits of 7-9 cm with light pubescence and almost imperceptible thorns (weight up to 90 g) grow in this hybrid cucumber with an average ripening period. The weakly growing indeterminant is compact, with two female flowers growing at each node. Productivity under a film cover and on garden beds is approximately the same - 14 kg / m2... Estet F1 is distinguished by high immunity to most of the known Zelentov diseases.

Video: cucumber Estet F1

Conservatism does not allow us to buy newfangled and untested novelties, but nevertheless, of all the above, the Piccolo F1 hybrid attracted special attention in our family: amicable ripening, bouquet formation of the ovary and the opportunity to feast on greens for a long time - these are the main qualities of early ripening. Shoshu F1 was purchased in open ground. High yield and tolerance to any adversity - these qualities do not allow you to pass by last year's novelty after the positive feedback from those who have already tasted the Zelensky hybrid Shoshi.

Table: other varieties of cucumbers that appeared in the State Register of the Russian Federation in 2018

Variety name / originatorRegion of useProductivity, kg / m2Growing methodPlant characteristicDescription of the fetus
Research Institute of Selection of Vegetable Crops, Moscow
Ivanhoe F1all regions8greenhouse
  • early;
  • indeterminate;
  • parthenocarpic;
  • salad;
  • moderately resistant to powdery mildew;
  • long (up to 22 cm), with large tubercles;
  • weight 220 g.
Federal Scientific Center for Vegetable Growing, Moscow
Nezhinsky Siberia F1all regions2greenhouse / ground
  • early;
  • indeterminate;
  • bee-pollinated;
  • salad, canning;
  • complex disease resistance;
  • medium, oval, large tuberous;
  • weight 60 g.
Far Eastern Research Institute of Agriculture
Heir to F1all regions3,6greenhouse / ground
  • mid-season;
  • bee-pollinated;
  • indeterminate;
  • salting, salad;
  • resistant to peronosporiosis and bacteriosis;
  • medium, elongated-ovate, slightly lumpy, with black spines;
  • weight 100-120 g.
Agrofirm Search
Tonus F1all regions-soil / greenhouse
  • early;
  • salad;
  • parthenocarpic;
  • indeterminate;
  • complex disease resistance;
-
Pilgrim F1all regions10greenhouse
  • early;
  • parthenocarpic;
  • indeterminate;
  • salad;
  • resistance to cladosporium and cucumber mosaic;
  • medium (14 cm), elongated, slightly lumpy, pale spiky;
  • weight 70-100 g.
Other seed companies
Maratuki F1 MONSANTO (Netherlands)all regions10–16,8greenhouse
  • mid-season;
  • parthenocarpic;
  • indeterminate;
  • salad;
  • moderate disease resistance;
  • medium, small lumpy, spotted;
  • beam;
  • weight 130-200 g.
Abatova F1 MONSANTO (Netherlands)all regions12greenhouse
  • mid-season;
  • parthenocarpic;
  • indeterminate;
  • salad;
  • cladosporium resistance;
  • long (20 cm), small tuberous, with thorns;
  • weight 130-180 g.
Samkit F1 (Greenomics)all regions-greenhouse / ground
  • mid-season;
  • indeterminate;
  • parthenocarpic;
  • salad;
-
Conil F1 (Spain)all regionsgreenhouse / ground
  • early;
  • parthenocarpic;
  • indeterminate;
  • salting, salad;
  • cladosporium resistance;
  • short, cylindrical, slightly lumpy;
  • weight 50-110 g.
Shakti F1 (Netherlands)Volgo-Vyatsky District, Central Black Earth Region5–8priming
  • early;
  • parthenocarpic;
  • indeterminate;
  • salad;
  • complex disease resistance;
  • short, cylindrical, tuberous, with pubescence;
  • weight 63-110 g.
Oscar F1 (Netherlands)all regions9–11greenhouse
  • mid-early;
  • parthenocarpic;
  • determinant;
  • salad;
  • moderate disease resistance;
  • short, obtuse, medium tuberous;
  • weight 90 g.
Paramon F1 (Greenomics)all regions-greenhouse / ground
  • early;
  • salad;
  • parthenocarpic;
  • indeterminate;
-
Yildo F1 (Holland)all regions7,6–10greenhouse
  • mid-early;
  • parthenocarpic;
  • indeterminate;
  • salad;
  • resistance to powdery mildew and cladosporiosis;
  • long (more than 24 cm), cylindrical, smooth;
  • weight 100-152 g.
Morisette F1 MONSANTO (Netherlands)all regions12–17greenhouse
  • mid-season;
  • parthenocarpic;
  • indeterminate;
  • salad;
  • high resistance to bacteriosis;
  • medium, cylindrical, small tuberous;
  • weight 70-90 g.
Feng Shui F1 (NPK Sembiotek, Greenomics)all regions-greenhouse / ground
  • mid-season;
  • indeterminate;
  • parthenocarpic;
  • salad;
-
Passion F1 (Spain)all regions19greenhouse
  • early;
  • parthenocarpic;
  • indeterminate;
  • salad;
  • moderate disease resistance;
  • short, medium tuberous, with pubescence;
  • weight 90 g.
Chopin F1 (Netherlands)Central Russia, southern regions8–14priming
  • early;
  • parthenocarpic;
  • salad;
  • indeterminate;
  • complex disease resistance;
  • short, elongated, small tuberous, with weak pubescence;
  • weight 55–90 g.
Miamara F1 (Netherlands)Central Russia, North-West, southern regions, Ural4greenhouse
  • early;
  • parthenocarpic;
  • indeterminate;
  • salad;
  • powdery mildew resistance;
  • short, cylindrical, large tuberous;
  • weight 102 g.
Testi green F1 (France, Sakata)all regions17greenhouse
  • early;
  • parthenocarpic;
  • indeterminate;
  • salad;
  • resistance to powdery mildew and olive spot;
  • elongated, with sparse tubercles;
  • weight 170-210 g.
Garn F1 MONSANTO (Netherlands)all regions16,7greenhouse
  • mid-season;
  • parthenocarpic;
  • indeterminate;
  • salad;
  • complex disease resistance;
  • elongated-cylindrical, medium tuberous;
  • weight 120 g.

A huge selection of cucumbers opens up incredible opportunities for summer residents: among the usual greens, you can choose long-fruited, gherkins, with a light skin. The most daring farmers will be able to try unfamiliar cultivars that appeared last year. Dare, diligence and work will certainly bring results, and strong juicy cucumbers will grow on the beds, which we did not even hear about in the last summer season.


The best hybrid varieties of cucumbers: photo and description

Many summer residents and gardeners are interested in what is better to buy cucumber seeds in order to get an excellent harvest. Hybrid varieties of cucumbers are very popular today.

The hybrids were bred, thanks to the constant hard work of breeders, by crossing two varieties. At the same time, the newly formed variety receives only the best qualities from its predecessors.

They have the following characteristics:

  • ease of growing,
  • excellent taste,
  • unpretentiousness to weather conditions and soil,
  • resistance to diseases and pests,
  • high productivity.

Many summer residents and gardeners are interested in the question - is it necessary to pinch hybrid varieties of cucumbers? It is known that the main stem of simple non-hybrid cucumbers is pinched to prevent barren flowers, which most often form on the central whip. What about hybrids? Here, pinching is also not canceled. This procedure will form a good bush and will stimulate the formation of new ovaries.


Description and characteristics of the variety

Zozulya f1 cucumber all these years enjoyed great popularity among Russian gardeners, who grow it in greenhouses. Ripe fruits appear when there is still snow on the streets. The vegetable is intended for fresh consumption.

  • A hybrid, not a variety. It was bred by crossing parthenocarpic varieties of European and Asian origin.
  • Early ripe.After planting, the cucumbers are harvested after 50 days.
  • Parthenocarpic, does not require bee pollination.
  • Bushes are large, lashes of medium length. In greenhouse conditions, they require a mandatory garter.
  • In the axils of the leaves, flowers are formed, and then the ovaries, which are arranged in bunches.
  • The main stem is medium-sized, branching is weak, does not require pinching, since there are not many side shoots formed and there are enough of them for normal fruiting.
  • The leaves are large, bright green.
  • Shade tolerant, like most of the best greenhouse cucumber varieties.
  • The yield is high. In greenhouses from 1 sq. meters in the first month, you can collect 8-16 kg of vegetables, and for the season - about 40 kg. At the same time, the output of marketable products is 85%.
  • In greenhouses, it is recommended to plant 2.5 bushes per 1 sq. meter.
  • Unpretentious care.
  • Resistant to adverse weather conditions, cold-resistant.
  • It responds well to mineral fertilizers.
  • Has a high immunity to fungal and viral diseases: cladosporia (olive spot), root rot, cucumber mosaic virus.
  • Susceptible to fusarium wilting, true and downy mildew.


The most productive varieties for Siberia

Claudia

Parthenocarpic hybrid for cultivation in the open field and under a film cover. Forms fruit within 60 days. They must be collected every 2-3 days. On one square meter of the site, you can collect about 27 kg of vegetables per season.

Fruits of excellent taste without bitterness with small tubercles on the skin. Versatile in application.

Chestplate F1

A bee-pollinated hybrid with a medium-branchy bush. It was bred in Siberia specifically for cultivation in the climatic conditions of this region. On the 45th day after the seeds have sprouted, you can look for ripe fruits on the bushes. The fruits grow up to 13 cm in length and gain weight of about 100 g. The skin is green with light stripes and large tubercles with white edging. Versatile in application. Each square meter of planting gives about 10 kg of vegetables.

Zozulya F1

One of the most popular hybrids, bred in 1977. Virtually no insect pollination. The fruits grow 25 cm in length and gain weight about 300 g. On 45-48 days after the seeds have sprouted, you can look for ripe fruits on the bushes. Not susceptible to diseases of pumpkin seeds. For a season from 1 m², you can get 16–20 kg of vegetables.

Alliance

Self-pollinated variety that gives a high yield in all weather conditions. On the 45th day after the seeds have sprouted, you can look for ripe fruits on the bushes.

Fruits of medium size, excellent taste without bitterness. About 17 kg of fruit are obtained from 1 m2.

Emelya

Self-pollinated hybrid producing about 17 kg of vegetables per square meter of planting. Most pumpkin diseases are not susceptible. On the 30th day after the sprouts have appeared from the seeds, you can look for ripe fruits on the bushes.


Note. What are light zones?

The intensity of solar radiation in a particular region is the main factor that determines the types and types of greenhouses in a given area, the set of crops grown, the periods and timing of growing these crops. Solar radiation has a certain intensity, spectral composition and daily duration, depending on the area of ​​growing vegetables in greenhouses. On the territory of Russia, there is mainly latitudinal distributions of total solar radiation: the amounts decrease from south to north.

Light zones of Russia for protected ground

Scientists carried out zoning of the country's territory according to the inflow of natural PAR (photosynthetic active radiation). In accordance with the calculated monthly sums of the total PAR in December - January (the most critical months for the inflow of radiation), all regions of the country are divided into 7 light zones.

1st light zone

  • Arkhangelsk region
  • Vologodskaya Oblast
  • Leningrad region
  • Magadan Region
  • Novgorod region
  • Pskov region
  • Republic of Karelia
  • Komi Republic

2nd light zone

  • Ivanovo region
  • Kirov region
  • Kostroma region
  • Nizhny Novgorod Region
  • Perm region
  • Mari El Republic
  • The Republic of Mordovia
  • Tver region
  • Udmurtia
  • Chuvash Republic
  • Yaroslavl region

3rd light zone

  • Belgorod region
  • Bryansk region
  • Vladimir region
  • Voronezh region
  • Kaliningrad region
  • Kaluga region
  • Krasnoyarsk region
  • Kurgan region
  • Kursk region
  • Lipetsk region
  • Moscow region
  • Oryol Region
  • Republic of Bashkortostan
  • The Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)
  • Republic of Tatarstan
  • The Republic of Khakassia
  • Ryazan Oblast
  • Sverdlovsk region
  • Smolensk region
  • Tambov Region
  • Tomsk region
  • Tula region
  • Tyumen region

4th light zone

  • Altai region
  • Astrakhan region
  • Volgograd region
  • Irkutsk region
  • Kamchatka region
  • Kemerovo region
  • Novosibirsk region
  • Omsk region
  • Orenburg region
  • Penza region
  • Altai Republic
  • Republic of Kalmykia
  • Republic of Tuva
  • Samara Region
  • Saratov region
  • Ulyanovsk region

5th light zone

  • Krasnodar Territory (except for the Black Sea coast)
  • Republic of Adygea
  • The Republic of Buryatia
  • Rostov region
  • Chita region

6th light zone

  • Krasnodar Territory (Black Sea coast)
  • Kabardino-Balkar Republic
  • Karachay-Cherkess Republic
  • The Republic of Dagestan
  • The Republic of Ingushetia
  • Republic of North Ossetia - Alania
  • Stavropol region
  • Chechen Republic

7th light zone

  • Amur region
  • Primorsky Krai
  • Sakhalin Region
  • Khabarovsk region


Cucumbers

Do you have a summer cottage but still buy cucumbers from the market? Find out how to get a good harvest without too much effort.

Salad: Nightingale F1, Crane, Phoenix, Early Altai, North, Dachny F1, Bluff F1, Saltan F1, Photon F1, Stork, Parade, Moscow Gherkin F1, Irresistible 40, Synthesis.

Salting: Spring F1, Finger, Competitor, Salting, Kharkiv, Altai, Favorite, Nezhensky, Murom, Voronezh, Courage F1, Parisian gherkin, Cheerful guys, Barrel pickling F1, Gypsy F1, Reliable, Cascade, Kustovoy.

Universal: Stork, Blagodatny, Photon F1, Squadron, Coastal, Vostok, Bluff F1, Farmer F1, Ussuriysky 3, Khabar, Druzhina F1, Dachny F1, Serpentine, Regia F1, Moravian gherkin F1, Marinda F1, Libelle F1, Levina F1, Cruise F1, Crane F1, Keith, Duet.

Greenhouse: Goosebump F1, Thumb Boy F1, Benefit F1, Emelya F1, Leandro F1, Prestige F1, Arina F1, Amur F1, Acorn F1.

Balcony: Moscow greenhouse, Graceful, Balcony F1, Hummingbird F1, Nezhinsky local, Biryusa, Makhaon F1, Gribovsky F1, Maisky F1, Stella, Malachite, Lada, VIR 516, VIR 517, Ant, Buyan, Halley, Russian, Home, Regatta.

Cucumbers prefer well-lit and sheltered places from the wind. However, they also tolerate light partial shade well.

And if you want to get a very early harvest, make a special warm or high bed for them.

Cucumbers grow best on loose and fertile soil, which has been treated with organic fertilizers.

If the soil on the site is acidic or slightly acidic (this can be determined using a simple test), in the fall, during the digging of the beds, lime must be added to it at the rate of 300-500 g per 1 sq. M.

Good: all types of cabbage, onions, garlic, tomatoes, potatoes, peppers, eggplant, beets, carrots, legumes and green crops, green manure.

Cucumbers are sown after the night air temperature for 3 days holds at 12 ° C and above.

In the middle lane, cucumbers in open ground can be sown at several times:

To increase germination and destroy pathogens, cucumber seeds are dipped in a dark pink solution of potassium permanganate (potassium permanganate) for 20 minutes. Then they are washed under running water.

After that, the seeds are laid out on a damp cloth and germinated for 2-3 days in a warm place. When they bite, start sowing.

The garden is prepared in the fall. To do this, the soil is dug to a depth of 25 cm and manure is applied (3-7 kg per 1 square meter), phosphorus-potassium fertilizers (25-30 g) and, if necessary, lime (100-250 g per 1 square meter, depending on soil acidity level).

Plants are often watered (as soon as the topsoil dries up), abundantly and only with warm (at least 18 ° C) water. Most of all, they need water during the formation of fruits, otherwise the greens will be bitter. Leaves of plants that lack moisture become brittle and darken.

However, excess watering for cucumbers is also harmful. From this, the leaves acquire a pale green color, and the fruits and the plants themselves can rot.

First time the cucumbers are fed when they have 1-2 true leaves. The solution is prepared at the rate of 10 g of superphosphate, 10 g of ammonium nitrate and 10 g of potassium salt per 10 liters of water. 70-100 ml of top dressing is consumed per plant.

Second time the cucumbers are fed after 2 weeks (for 10 liters of water - 20 g each of ammonium nitrate, potassium salt and superphosphate). Plants are watered at the root so that fertilizer does not get on its green parts.

During the mass harvest, it is recommended to spray cucumbers several times with a 0.5% potassium sulfate solution. This will help to significantly increase the yield.

The most common diseases of cucumbers are powdery mildew, root rot, anthracnose, mosaic, white rot and bacteriosis.

Cucumbers can suffer from aphids, whiteflies, slugs and spider mites.

When the first greens appear, the crop is harvested after 2 days, then every other day, and during the mass ripening of fruits - every day. Cucumbers are torn off carefully so as not to damage the whip. They remove not only good, but also overgrown, sick and ugly fruits. they delay the formation of new ovaries and cause premature aging of plants.

We will tell you how to competently grow cucumber seedlings at home.


Watch the video: Direct Sowing Cucumbers. Black Gumbo