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Every gardener dreams of a good harvest. But weeds spread around, which often destroy it. Garlic, like any other garden crop, needs care and protection from weeds.
This method is considered one of the easiest. It consists in removing weeds with the help of garden tools.
The root system of garlic is sensitive and hardly regenerates, so an extra cut can negatively affect the head. The depth at which the roots of garlic are located is 5-7 cm from the soil surface.
The first treatment must be done after the first shoots. The depth from which you need to loosen is 10-12 cm. This way you can free up enough space for the development of the garlic root. Subsequent weeding should be carried out at a depth of 2 cm.
Option with siderates
Siderata are actively used to prepare the soil before planting a potential crop. Garlic, which is planted for the winter, herbs help protect against weeds and pests. Before planting, it is important to know which green manure is suitable. Agricultural technicians believe that it can be:
- White mustard (increases soil nutrition, suppresses weeds and repels pests);
- Phacelia (loosens the soil, saturates the soil, the floor adapts to any temperature);
- Oats (requires constant watering, it is necessary to lay in the ground in the summer);
- Clover (used once every 3 years, a good location - between the rows of garlic, requires intense watering);
- Sweet clover (cleans from pathogenic bacteria and saturates the soil with nitrogen).
Each gardener chooses the most successful green manure for himself, uses it to improve the soil. When you have sown grass seeds in the ground, you need to wait about 4-6 days before starting planting.
If we are talking about white mustard, then you need to wait for two weeks, and if we are talking about cereals, then 2-3 days are enough.
Planting can be done between plants or after the ground has been dug up along with the grasses.
A herbicide is a drug used to control weeds in a vegetable garden. Its main task is to ensure that all useful substances are received by cultivated plants, and not by weeds. The following herbicides are used for garlic:
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Applying mechanical methods of weed control in the technological process of cultivation, it is necessary first of all to take into account that the root system of garlic is very sensitive to damage, it is poorly regenerated and even its slight injury negatively affects the growth and development of plants. As you know, the bulk of garlic roots are located in the arable layer, and a significant part of them - at a depth of 5-7 cm from the soil surface. Therefore, after the emergence of shoots, it is recommended to carry out the first processing of the row spacing to a depth of 10-12 cm with chisel-like paws. In the future, only the top layer of the soil should be loosened to a depth of 2-3 cm, preventing the formation of a crust and destroying young shoots of weeds. Later, the deepening of the working organs by more than 2-3 cm on the plantings of garlic is unacceptable.
Garlic herbicides can be used to control weeds. However, it would be better to plant the garlic in weed-free fields, as a number of local varieties may be susceptible to herbicides. In addition, winter garlic, which is most widespread in our country, often comes out of overwintering rather weakened and the use of herbicides in this case is not recommended.
Totril (ioxynil, 225 g / l). Manufacturer Bayer CropSaens, Germany Applied with a consumption rate of 1.5-3.0 l / ha against annual dicotyledonous weeds. Spray in the phase of 2-3 leaves of winter garlic. Crops of air bulbs are treated with a consumption rate of 1.5-2.0 l / ha in the presence of two leaves in plants.
Hurricane forte (glyphosate, 500 g / l). Manufacturer Syngenta, Switzerland. Applied with a consumption rate of 1.5 l / ha against perennial cereal and dicotyledonous weeds. Spray vegetative weeds in the fall, after removing the predecessor.
Fusilade forte... Manufacturer Syngenta, Switzerland. Applied with a consumption rate of 1 l / ha against annual cereal weeds, with a consumption rate of 2 l / ha against perennial cereal weeds. Spray during the growing season from the phase of two leaves to the beginning of tillering, apply at a rate of 0.75 to 1.0 l / ha. To destroy self-seeding grain, the dose can be reduced to 0.5-0.75 l / ha. The full dose can be divided into two parts and administered:
- first spraying in the phase of 2-4 leaves of weeds with a herbicide consumption rate of 0.4 l / ha
- the second spraying - after 10-14 days with a consumption rate of 0.3 - 0.4 l / ha.
To combat wheatgrass in the phase of 4-10 leaves, a herbicide is used at doses of 2.0-2.5 l / ha. The total dose can be divided into two parts using:
- for the first spraying in the phase of 4-6 wheatgrass leaves 1.0 - 1.25 l / ha of herbicide
- for the second spraying after 10-14 days - 1.25 l / ha.
At the same time, it is impossible to carry out mechanical cultivation for one month, use other herbicides faster than 7 days before and after the application of the herbicide fusilad forte.
Do not spray at temperatures over 27 ° C. In dry weather, the effect of the herbicide on wheatgrass is somewhat weakened. In the soil, the effect of the herbicide lasts for about two months. After applying the herbicide, you can use the garlic for 30 days.
Stomp (pendimethalin 330 g / l), Manufacturer BASF, Germany. Introduce:
- immediately after planting garlic with a consumption rate of 3-5 l / ha to control annual weeds in the phase of seedlings, seedlings and cotyledonous leaves. Spray only wet soil. The seeding depth of the planting tooth should be at least 5 cm. The drug acts in the soil for 3-4 months. Do not spray at temperatures below + 5 ° C and above + 25 ° C.
- in early spring, before the emergence of weeds with a consumption rate of 3-5 l / ha for the control of annual weeds in the phase of seedlings, seedlings and cotyledonous leaves.
Goal (240 g / l oxyfluorfen) - Manufacturer Syngenta, Switzerland. They are introduced in the spring along the ladder of garlic at a plant height of 8-10 cm with a consumption rate of 0.05-0.3 l / ha to combat annual weeds from germination to a height of 5-7 cm. Do not spray at temperatures above 23 ° C. Apply after 2-3 sunny days. Do not use on plants weakened by frost. The action in the soil is short-lived.
Targa Super (quizalofop-p-ethyl, 50 g / l) Manufacturer Bayer CropSaens, Germany. For the control of annual monocotyledonous weeds from the two-leaf phase to the beginning of tillering. Use with a consumption rate of 1.0-1.5 l / ha. For the destruction of self-seeding grain, the dose of herbicide is reduced to 0.5-0.75 l / ha.
For the destruction of wheatgrass in the phase of 4-6 leaves, this herbicide is used with a consumption rate of 2-3 l / ha. After spraying, mechanical cultivation should not be carried out for a month. Cold weather and droughts slow down the herbicide's effect, but do not reduce its effectiveness. The drug acts in soil for 5-6 weeks. Do not spray garlic crops at temperatures over 27 ° C. Do not eat garlic from a pruned area earlier than 30 days.
Lontrel Grand (clopyralid, 750 g / kg). Manufacturer Syngenta, Switzerland. Against annual dicotyledonous and perennial rhizome weeds (field thistle, field bindweed, spurge). Spraying vegetative weeds in the rosette phase (sow thistle height - 15-20 cm) from the phase of 2 leaves of the crop, 0.1–0.16 liters per hectare. The optimum application temperature is from +10 ° C to +25 ° C. Do not use in case of growing garlic on green feathers.
5. Green pharmacy of the gardener "Lintour"
This is a fairly effective remedy, characterized by a contact effect. It was specially developed for reliable control of weeds growing on lawns. The substance penetrates into the structures of the plant directly through the leaf plates, as a result of which the natural metabolism is disrupted. This leads to disturbances in the synthesis of protein molecules that ensure the normal vital activity of the plant. As a result, the weed dies. At the same time, the grass will not lose its natural color, so it is very easy to use this product on lawns, which will retain their attractive appearance even after repeated treatments with this product. These products are able to effectively fight most of the weeds found in Russian territories.
It is recommended to use the composition in the morning or evening hours, it is desirable that the weather is calm. If it is planned to process lawn grass, then this should not be done in the first year of its growth. The substance is completely safe for insects, including bees. One package will be enough to process about 100 sq. M.
- Reliably protects crops and lawns from weeds
- Makes harvesting much easier
- Low substance consumption
- Completely safe for all insects
- Differs in low cost.
- Not suitable for a freshly grown lawn.
4. Keminova A / S "Glyphos"
This substance is characterized by continuous action and was created specifically so that it could cope with a fairly large range of weeds of the cereal and broad-leaved type. In addition, this tool easily fights against trees and shrubs. It is allowed to be used in forestry or agriculture. The manufacturer recommends using the composition for industrial and road use. In particular, the tool will prove to be very useful for controlling weeds on embankments and right-of-way of railways, highways, high-voltage power lines, routes along which pipelines transporting oil or gas are laid, and so on. When evaporating from the surface of the earth, the composition penetrates into plant cells through leaves and other green parts, after which it is distributed along the stems with juices, even penetrating into the root system. The depressing effect is to block the synthesis of aromatic amino acids, which not only leads to the death of the plant, but also affects the seeds that have already reached maturity.
Despite the fact that the substance is very effective, its action is not noticeable immediately - the death of weeds occurs approximately in 20-40 days from the moment of introduction into the soil. Literally 10 days after treatment, the soil can be sown with any cultivated plants without the slightest harm to them. Products remain effective over a fairly wide temperature range.
- Stably retains its performance characteristics even during long-term storage
- Copes with any weeds
- Does not have a negative effect on cultivated plants
- Good performance against both annual and perennial weeds.
- The effect of its use is not immediately noticeable.
3. Avgust "Tornado"
The first formulation in our review of the best weed control agents, characterized by a non-selective systemic effect, designed to suppress one- and perennial weeds. In addition to them, this substance can be well dealt with undesirable vegetation of the arboreal and shrub type. With the help of this composition, you can get rid of bindweed, creeping wheatgrass and other plants, which can be quite problematic to fight with physical methods. The principle of operation of this tool is standard - a water solution is introduced under the root system, after which it begins to evaporate, penetrates into the foliage, weed stems, then enters the root and begins to reduce the efficiency of absorption of beneficial trace elements and water, which ultimately leads to the death of the plant. The effect is not noticeable immediately, but it is visible very well - the foliage first becomes brown, then fades, the same happens with the stems. After processing, the weeds die in about three to four weeks.
Best of all, the remedy acts on herbs during the period of their intensive growth - in April-June. In the future, it will also be very effective, but its action will be slowed down. In case of profuse dew loss, the use of this substance should be abandoned. If the foliage of weeds is covered with a thick layer of dust, then it is advisable to wash it off, otherwise the composition will not enter the system of plant life in an insufficient amount.
- Copes with both grass and woody weeds
- Can even be used on an industrial scale
- The tool proved to be excellent at all temperatures.
- It is absolutely safe for the human body.
- It is advisable to apply at a time when weeds grow at maximum speed.
2. Herbicide Your farm Chistogryad
It goes on sale in the form of tubes, the volume of which is 50 or 100 ml, you can find this product poured into a bottle, whose volume will be equal to 500 ml. This product is based on isopropylamine salt. It penetrates inside the plant not through the foliage, as the previous substances do, but, together with moisture, is absorbed by the root system. The oppression of the plant begins with her. Grass metabolism slows down, due to which the enzymatic synthesis of amino acids is initially only delayed, and then completely stops. While the sap flow is active, the composition penetrates into every cell of the plant, which greatly accelerates its death. The first signs will become clearly visible only 10-12 days after treatment. The weeds will be completely eradicated in about three weeks. Processing is carried out either by watering at the root, but you can also spray the foliage.
When working with weeds that grow interspersed with crops, you should be as careful as possible. In this case, watering at the root is prohibited, it is necessary to spray the foliage, while trying to prevent the product from getting on agricultural crops. When using the product, it is necessary to use personal protective equipment for the respiratory system, and it will also not harm to protect the skin of the hands.
- Does not negatively affect the soil
- Fights weeds fast enough
- Optimal ratio of price and quality of products
- After initial use, there is no need to reapply.
- Should be used carefully if weeds grow in crop beds.
1. Avgust "Miura"
A versatile post-emergence formulation that is perfect for dealing with most weeds. It is characterized by selective action - it does not cause the slightest harm to agricultural crops. The range of use is very wide - the products do an excellent job with weeds of annual and perennial types. The active substance is contained here in a fairly high concentration. It enters the plant through the integumentary tissues by evaporation from the soil surface or by application to foliage and stems. It will not only spread throughout the plant, but also accumulate in the most important nodes. The tool copes well even with rhizome weeds of the cereal type, because it actively destroys their educational tissues. It quickly begins to fight weeds. Literally in a couple of hours, a sufficient amount of the substance penetrates into the structure of the plant and starts destructive processes.
It is worth noting that such a tool can be used not only in an individual subsidiary farm, but also within the framework of widespread agricultural production.It has shown itself to be especially effective when used for crops of sugar, fodder or table beets, on plantations of flax and soybeans, onions, fields of potatoes, cabbage or carrots. The consumption is not too high, but the effect is very effective.
- Low cost
- Effective effect on all types of weeds
- Works selectively, leaving cultivated plants intact.
- During testing, it was not identified.
Mulching raspberries: some more tips
- in the fall, before how to mulch raspberries, carry out the so-called autumn water charging of raspberries: generously spill the raspberry with water at the rate of 40-50 liters per "square". This will saturate the soil with moisture, and wet soil freezes much more slowly than dry soil.
- plant residues for mulching raspberries in the fall, including leaf litter, is an unfortunate, albeit readily available choice. With this mulch, you will not create a serious barrier to frost, but you will give refuge to spores and larvae of all garden pests and bacteria. Another thing is composted leaf litter.
- Ordinary cut grass can also be taken to cover the soil. The main thing is that it should be without ripe seeds and not wet, otherwise it will quickly begin to rot. It is best to dry the herb for a few hours before using it in a raspberry patch, and then lay it in a layer of 4-6 cm.
- cardboard, newspapers are also suitable as mulch, albeit not first-class. In the summer heat, they will keep the roots from drying out, and in the spring they will hold back the shoots of weeds.
Thus, competent mulching of raspberries will help protect the soil from weathering, freezing and overheating, give additional nutrition to the plant, and restrain the growth of weeds. An elementary trick - but the result is great. Be smart gardeners and the garden will repay you handsomely!
Tatiana Kuzmenko, member of the editorial board Sobcor of the Internet edition “AtmAgro. Agroindustrial Bulletin "
Crop rotation after garlic
After growing any kind of garlic, the soil is enriched with nutrients.
After it, you can plant almost any plant:
Knowing all the features of growing garlic, you can grow a high-quality crop in your country house or garden.
This garlic will be an excellent addition to a variety of dishes and can be used in folk medicine.